常用命令全拼

  • pwd: print work directory 打印当前工作目录的绝对路径
  • ps: process status 进程状态,类似于windows的任务管理器
  • df: disk free 显示磁盘可用空间数目信息及空间节点信息。
  • du: Disk usage
  • rpm:即RedHat Package Management,是RedHat的发明之一
  • rmdir:Remove Directory 删除目录
  • rm:Remove 删除目录或文件
  • cat: concatenate 连锁
  • cat file1file2>>file3 把文件1和文件2的内容联合起来放到file3中
  • insmod: install module 载入模块
  • ln -s : link -soft 创建一个软链接,相当于创建一个快捷方式
  • mkdir:Make Directory 创建目录
  • touch: touch
  • man: Manual
  • su:Swith user
  • cd:Change directory
  • ls:List files
  • ps:Process Status
  • mkdir:Make directory
  • rmdir:Remove directory
  • mkfs: Make file system
  • fsck:File system check
  • uname: Unix name
  • lsmod: List modules
  • mv: Move file
  • rm: Remove file
  • cp: Copy file
  • ln: Link files
  • fg: Foreground
  • bg: Background
  • chown: Change owner
  • chgrp: Change group
  • chmod: Change mode
  • umount: Unmount
  • dd: 本来应根据其功能描述"Convert an copy"命名为"cc",但"cc"已经被用以代表"CComplier",所以命名为"dd"
  • tar:Tape archive 磁带档案
  • ldd:List dynamic dependencies
  • insmod:Install module
  • rmmod:Remove module
  • lsmod:List module
  • 文件结尾的"rc"(如.bashrc、.xinitrc等):Resource configuration
  • Knnxxx /Snnxxx(位于rcx.d目录下):K(Kill);S(Service);nn(执行顺序号);xxx(服务标识)
  • .a(扩展名a):Archive,static library
  • .so(扩展名so):Shared object,dynamically linked library
  • .o(扩展名o):Object file,complied result of C/C++ source file
  • RPM:Red hat package manager
  • dpkg:Debian package manager
  • apt:Advanced package tool(Debian或基于Debian的发行版中提供)

其他 Linux 命令全拼

  • bin = Binaries (二进制文件)

  • /dev = Devices (设备)

  • /etc = Etcetera (等等)

  • /lib = LIBrary

  • /proc = Processes

  • /sbin = Superuser Binaries (超级用户的二进制文件)

  • /tmp = Temporary (临时)

  • /usr = Unix Shared Resources

  • /var = Variable (变量)

  • FIFO = First In, First Out

  • GRUB = GRand Unified Bootloader

  • IFS= Internal Field Seperators

  • LILO = LInux LOader

  • MySQL = My 是最初作者女儿的名字,

  • SQL = Structured QueryLanguage

  • PHP = Personal Home Page Tools = PHP HypertextPreprocessor

  • PS = Prompt String

  • Perl = “Pratical Extraction and Report Language”(实际的抽取和报告语言) =”Pathologically Eclectic Rubbish Lister”

  • Python 得名于电视剧Monty Python’s Flying Circus

  • Tcl = Tool Command Language

  • Tk = ToolKit

  • VT = Video Terminal

  • YaST = Yet Another Setup Tool

  • apache = “a patchy” server

  • apt = Advanced Packaging Tool

  • ar = archiver

  • as = assembler

  • awk = “Aho Weiberger and Kernighan”三个作者的姓的第一个字母

  • bash = Bourne Again SHell

  • bc = Basic (Better) Calculator

  • bg = BackGround

  • biff = 作者HeidiStettner在U.C.Berkely养的一条狗,喜欢对邮递员汪汪叫。

  • cal = Calendar (日历)

  • cat = Catenate (链接)

  • cd = Change Directory

  • chgrp = Change Group

  • chmod = Change Mode

  • chown = Change Owner

  • chsh = Change Shell

  • cmp = compare

  • cobra = Common Object Request BrokerArchitecture

  • comm = common

  • cp = Copy

  • cpio = CoPy In and Out

  • cpp = C Pre Processor

  • cron = Chronos 希腊文时间

  • cups = Common Unix Printing System

  • cvs = Current Version System

  • daemon = Disk And Execution MONitor

  • dc = Desk Calculator

  • dd = Disk Dump (磁盘转储)

  • df = Disk Free

  • diff = Difference

  • dmesg = diagnostic message

  • du = Disk Usage

  • ed = editor

  • egrep = Extended GREP

  • elf = Extensible Linking Format

  • elm = ELectronic Mail

  • emacs = Editor MACroS

  • eval = EVALuate

  • ex = EXtended

  • exec = EXECute (执行)

  • fd = file descriptors

  • fg = ForeGround

  • fgrep = Fixed GREP

  • fmt = format

  • fsck = File System ChecK

  • fstab = FileSystem TABle

  • fvwm = F*** Virtual Window Manager

  • gawk = GNU AWK

  • gpg = GNU Privacy Guard

  • groff = GNU troff

  • hal = Hardware Abstraction Layer

  • joe = Joe’s Own Editor

  • ksh = Korn SHell

  • lame = Lame Ain’t an MP3 Encoder

  • lex = LEXical analyser

  • lisp = LISt Processing = Lots of IrritatingSuperfluous Parentheses

  • ln = Link

  • lpr = Line PRint

  • ls = list

  • lsof = LiSt Open Files

  • m4 = Macro processor Version 4

  • man = MANual pages

  • mawk = Mike Brennan’s AWK

  • mc = Midnight Commander

  • mkfs = MaKe FileSystem

  • mknod = Make Node

  • motd = Message of The Day

  • mozilla = MOsaic GodZILLa

  • mtab = Mount TABle

  • mv = Move

  • nano = Nano’s ANOther editor

  • nawk = New AWK

  • nl = Number of Lines

  • nm = names

  • nohup = No HangUP

  • nroff = New ROFF

  • od = Octal Dump

  • passwd = Passwd

  • pg = pager

  • pico = PIne’s message COmposition editor

  • pine = “Program for Internet News &Email” = “Pine is not Elm”

  • ping = 拟声 又 = Packet Internet Grouper

  • pirntcap = PRINTer CAPability

  • popd = POP Directory

  • pr = pre

  • printf = Print Formatted

  • ps = Processes Status

  • pty = pseudo tty

  • pushd = PUSH Directory

  • pwd = Print Working Directory

  • rc = runcom = run command, rc还是plan9的shell

  • rev = REVerse

  • rm = ReMove

  • rn = Read News

  • roff = RunOFF

  • rpm = RPM Package Manager = RedHat PackageManager

  • rsh, rlogin, rvim中的

  • r = Remote

  • rxvt = ouR XVT

  • seamoneky = 我

  • sed = Stream Editor

  • seq = SEQuence

  • shar = Shell ARchive

  • slrn = S-Lang rn

  • ssh = Secure Shell

  • ssl = Secure Sockets Layer

  • stty = Set TTY

  • su = Substitute User

  • svn = SubVersion

  • tar = Tape ARchive

  • tcsh = TENEX C shell

  • tee = T (T形水管接口)

  • telnet = TEminaL over Network

  • termcap = terminal capability

  • terminfo = terminal information

  • tex = τέχνη的缩写,希腊文art

  • tr = traslate

  • troff = Typesetter new ROFF

  • tsort = Topological SORT

  • tty = TeleTypewriter

  • twm = Tom’s Window Manager

  • tz = TimeZone

  • udev = Userspace DEV

  • ulimit = User’s LIMIT

  • umask = User’s MASK

  • uniq = UNIQue

  • i = VIsual = Very Inconvenient

  • vim = Vi IMproved

  • wall = write all

  • wc = Word Count

  • wine = WINE Is Not an Emulator

  • xargs = eXtended ARGuments

  • xdm = X Display Manager

  • xlfd = X Logical Font Description

  • xmms = X Multimedia System

  • xrdb = X Resources DataBase

  • xwd = X Window Dump

  • yacc = yet another compiler compiler

  • Fish = the Friendly Interactive SHell

  • su = Switch User

  • MIME = Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions

  • ECMA = European Computer ManufacturersAssociation

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